Does Fidaxomicin reduce Cure and Recurrence rates compared to Vancomycin in Clostridium Difficile Infection patients?: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Authors

  • Hiral Golakiya Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Tejas Khakhkhar Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Neelesh Khuteta Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences

Keywords:

Fidaxomicin, Vancomycin, Clostridium difficile infection, CDI and C. difficile

Abstract

Introduction

We searched the databases to include randomized studies evaluating the effect of fidaxomicin on cure and recurrence rate in Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Due to its increasing severity and recurrence rates, decrease in cure rates, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) published clinical practice guidelines in February 2018 moving away from metronidazole as the first-line treatment for initial CDI and recommending, either oral vancomycin or oral fidaxomicin.

Methodology

              The outcome was summarized as odds ratios (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). We used fixed effect model and assessed the heterogeneity using I2 test. We performed the meta-analysis using ‘Review manager software version 5.4.1.’

Results

The odds of recurrence rates were significantly different (P < 0.00001) amongst patients treated with fidaxomicin as compared to vancomycin (OR 0.49 [95% CI: 0.36, 0.65]). Whereas no significant difference (P = 0.14) was found with regard to cure rate in both the study groups (OR 0.80 [95% CI: 0.59, 1.07]).

Conclusion

After treatment with fidaxomicin, the rates of clinical cure were non-inferior to those after treatment with vancomycin. However, fidaxomicin was associated with a significantly reduced recurrence rate of CDI including non–North American Pulsed Field type 1 strains.

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Published

2022-06-12

How to Cite

Hiral Golakiya, Tejas Khakhkhar, & Neelesh Khuteta. (2022). Does Fidaxomicin reduce Cure and Recurrence rates compared to Vancomycin in Clostridium Difficile Infection patients?: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. GAIMS Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(1 (Jan-Jun), 30–35. Retrieved from http://academics.gaims.ac.in/ojs/index.php/gjms/article/view/43

Issue

Section

Systematic Review & Meta-analysis