Role of Ultrasound in Female Infertility

Ultrasound in Female Infertility

Authors

  • Meet Chavda GUJARAT ADANI INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, BHUJ
  • Raj Patel

Abstract

Ultrasound has became an important tool for the diagnosis of female infertility by demonstrating pelvic organs ,growing ovarian follicles and cyclical changes in the endometrium during the menstrual cycle .Ultrasound particularly can demonstrate ovarian flow and resistance of flow and many other parameters affecting the follicular growth .In assisted reproductive technology(ART) ultrasound is indispensable tool for the monitoring of ovarian follicles after hormone stimulation ,ovum pick up ,embryo transfer and also thereafter.The average diameter of follicles is measured. Among the study conducted it is found that ovulation induction will be successful if preovulatory follicular diameter was between 18 to 24 mm.The risk of overstimulation can be assessed with ultrasound.The detection of ovulation is the most important step in management of infertility . Ultrasound is more important for determining the time of ovulation than other methods like basal body temperature or hormonal studies. Ultrasound is also important for visualisation of uterine size-position,fallopian tubes and any congenital anomalies of genitourinary system.In the uterus it has very important role for endometrium ,the physiological changes occurring in endometrium during the menstrual cycle.Female infertility is multifactorial in origin ,ultrasound plays an important role in female infertility work up with hysterosalpingography(HSG) ,sonohysterography and MRI ,each playing a complimentary role in screening ,diagnosis and management of female infertility

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Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Chavda, M., & Patel, R. (2021). Role of Ultrasound in Female Infertility: Ultrasound in Female Infertility. GAIMS Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(1 (December), 45–48. Retrieved from http://academics.gaims.ac.in/ojs/index.php/gjms/article/view/21